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Home » Hacking News » FreeBSD SA-03:05.xdr: integer overflow in XDR RPC libraries

FreeBSD SA-03:05.xdr: integer overflow in XDR RPC libraries

by Nikola Strahija on March 22nd, 2003 The xdrmem XDR stream object does incorrect bounds-checking. If the bounds-checking error is exploited, it may be possible for an attacker to send maliciously formatted messages.


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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-03:05.xdr Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project

Topic: remote denial-of-service in XDR encoder/decoder

Category: core
Module: libc
Announced: 2003-03-20
Credits: Riley Hassell, eEye
Todd Miller
Affects: All releases of FreeBSD prior to 4.6-RELEASE-p11,
4.7-RELEASE-p8, 4.8-RELEASE and 5.0-RELEASE-p5
Corrected: 2003-03-20 12:59:55 UTC (RELENG_4)
2003-03-20 13:05:04 UTC (RELENG_4_6)
2003-03-20 13:05:27 UTC (RELENG_4_7)
2003-03-20 13:04:46 UTC (RELENG_5_0)
FreeBSD only: NO

I. Background

XDR (eXternal Data Representation) is a standard developed by Sun
Microsystems for platform-independent encoding of data types. It is
widely used by the Sun RPC (Remote Procedure Call) protocol and other
protocols. FreeBSD's standard C library includes routines for encoding
and decoding XDR, derived from a library originally distributed by
Sun Microsystems.

II. Problem Description

The xdrmem XDR stream object does incorrect bounds-checking. An
internal variable used for tracking bounds is a signed integer.
Bounds-checking is performed by subtracting the object length from
this signed integer, and then testing for a negative result. However,
if the object length is sufficiently large, the internal variable will
wrap and the result will be positive.

III. Impact

For some operations on the xdrmem XDR stream object, the
bounds-checking is followed by a memory copy. If the bounds-checking
error is exploited, then the memory copy will operate on a huge region
of memory, resulting in a segmentation violation. Thus, it may be
possible for an attacker to send maliciously formatted messages to a
service which utilizes the xdrmem XDR stream object and cause a
denial-of-service.

IV. Workaround

None known.

V. Solution

Do one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to the FreeBSD 4-STABLE branch; or
to the RELENG_4_7 (4.7-RELEASE-p8), RELENG_4_6 (4.6-RELEASE-p11), or
RELENG_5_0 (5.0-RELEASE-p5) security branch dated after the correction
date.

2) To patch your present system:

The following patch has been verified to apply to FreeBSD 4.6, and 4.7
systems.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-03:05/xdr-4.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-03:05/xdr-4.patch.asc

The following patch has been verified to apply to FreeBSD 5.0 systems.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-03:05/xdr-5.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-03:05/xdr-5.patch.asc

b) Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile the operating system as described in
.

Note that any statically linked applications that are not part of
the base system (i.e. from the Ports Collection or other 3rd-party
sources) must be recompiled.

All affected applications must be restarted for them to use the
corrected library. Though not required, rebooting may be the easiest
way to accomplish this.

VI. Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in FreeBSD.

Branch Revision
Path
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
RELENG_4
src/include/rpc/xdr.h 1.14.2.1
src/lib/libc/xdr/xdr_mem.c 1.8.2.1
RELENG_4_6
src/UPDATING 1.73.2.68.2.38
src/include/rpc/xdr.h 1.14.10.1
src/lib/libc/xdr/xdr_mem.c 1.8.10.1
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.44.2.23.2.28
RELENG_4_7
src/UPDATING 1.73.2.74.2.10
src/include/rpc/xdr.h 1.14.12.1
src/lib/libc/xdr/xdr_mem.c 1.8.12.1
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.44.2.26.2.10
RELENG_5_0
src/UPDATING 1.229.2.10
src/include/rpc/xdr.h 1.21.2.1
src/lib/libc/xdr/xdr_mem.c 1.11.2.1
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.48.2.6
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

VII. References




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