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Home » Hacking News » CERT-CA-2002-03: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Many Implementations of the SNMP

CERT-CA-2002-03: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Many Implementations of the SNMP

by Nikola Strahija on February 13th, 2002 Numerous vulnerabilities have been reported in multiple vendors' SNMP implementations. These vulnerabilities may allow unauthorized privileged access, denial-of-service attacks, or cause unstable behavior. If your site uses SNMP in any capacity, the CERT/CC encourages you to read this advisory and follow the advice provided in the Solution section below.


Systems Affected

Products from a very wide variety of vendors may be affected. See
Vendor Information for details from vendors who have provided feedback
for this advisory.

In addition to the vendors who provided feedback for this advisory, a
list of vendors whom CERT/CC contacted regarding these problems is
available from
http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/854306
http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/107186

Many other systems making use of SNMP may also be vulnerable but were
not specifically tested.

I. Description

The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a widely deployed
protocol that is commonly used to monitor and manage network devices.
Version 1 of the protocol (SNMPv1) defines several types of SNMP
messages that are used to request information or configuration
changes, respond to requests, enumerate SNMP objects, and send
unsolicited alerts. The Oulu University Secure Programming Group
(OUSPG, http://www.ee.oulu.fi/research/ouspg/) has reported numerous
vulnerabilities in SNMPv1 implementations from many different vendors.
More information about SNMP and OUSPG can be found in Appendix C

OUSPG's research focused on the manner in which SNMPv1 agents and
managers handle request and trap messages. By applying the PROTOS
c06-snmpv1 test suite
(http://www.ee.oulu.fi/research/ouspg/protos/testing/c06/snmpv1/0100.h
tml) to a variety of popular SNMPv1-enabled products, the OUSPG
revealed the following vulnerabilities:

VU#107186 - Multiple vulnerabilities in SNMPv1 trap handling

SNMP trap messages are sent from agents to managers. A trap message
may indicate a warning or error condition or otherwise notify the
manager about the agent's state. SNMP managers must properly decode
trap messages and process the resulting data. In testing, OUSPG
found multiple vulnerabilities in the way many SNMP managers decode
and process SNMP trap messages.

VU#854306 - Multiple vulnerabilities in SNMPv1 request handling

SNMP request messages are sent from managers to agents. Request
messages might be issued to obtain information from an agent or to
instruct the agent to configure the host device. SNMP agents must
properly decode request messages and process the resulting data. In
testing, OUSPG found multiple vulnerabilities in the way many SNMP
agents decode and process SNMP request messages.

Vulnerabilities in the decoding and subsequent processing of SNMP
messages by both managers and agents may result in denial-of-service
conditions, format string vulnerabilities, and buffer overflows. Some
vulnerabilities do not require the SNMP message to use the correct
SNMP community string.

These vulnerabilities have been assigned the CVE identifiers
CAN-2002-0012 and CAN-2002-0013, respectively.

II. Impact

These vulnerabilities may cause denial-of-service conditions, service
interruptions, and in some cases may allow an attacker to gain access
to the affected device. Specific impacts will vary from product to
product.

III. Solution

Note that many of the mitigation steps recommended below may have
significant impact on your everyday network operations and/or network
architecture. Ensure that any changes made based on the following
recommendations will not unacceptably affect your ongoing network
operations capability.

Apply a patch from your vendor

Appendix A contains information provided by vendors for this advisory.
Please consult this appendix to determine if you need to contact your
vendor directly.

Disable the SNMP service

As a general rule, the CERT/CC recommends disabling any service or
capability that is not explicitly required, including SNMP.
Unfortunately, some of the affected products exhibited unexpected
behavior or denial of service conditions when exposed to the OUSPG
test suite even if SNMP was not enabled. In these cases, disabling
SNMP should be used in conjunction with the filtering practices listed
below to provide additional protection.

Ingress filtering

As a temporary measure, it may be possible to limit the scope of these
vulnerabilities by blocking access to SNMP services at the network
perimeter.

Ingress filtering manages the flow of traffic as it enters a network
under your administrative control. Servers are typically the only
machines that need to accept inbound traffic from the public Internet.
In the network usage policy of many sites, there are few reasons for
external hosts to initiate inbound traffic to machines that provide no
public services. Thus, ingress filtering should be performed at the
border to prohibit externally initiated inbound traffic to
non-authorized services. For SNMP, ingress filtering of the following
ports can prevent attackers outside of your network from impacting
vulnerable devices in the local network that are not explicitly
authorized to provide public SNMP services.

snmp 161/udp # Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
snmp 162/udp # SNMP system management messages

The following services are less common, but may be used on some
affected products

snmp 161/tcp # Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMP)
snmp 162/tcp # SNMP system management messages
smux 199/tcp # SNMP Unix Multiplexer
smux 199/udp # SNMP Unix Multiplexer
synoptics-relay 391/tcp # SynOptics SNMP Relay Port
synoptics-relay 391/udp # SynOptics SNMP Relay Port
agentx 705/tcp # AgentX
snmp-tcp-port 1993/tcp # cisco SNMP TCP port
snmp-tcp-port 1993/udp # cisco SNMP TCP port

As noted above, you should carefully consider the impact of blocking
services that you may be using.

It is important to note that in many SNMP implementations, the SNMP
daemon may bind to all IP interfaces on the device. This has important
consequences when considering appropriate packet filtering measures
required to protect an SNMP-enabled device. For example, even if a
device disallows SNMP packets directed to the IP addresses of its
normal network interfaces, it may still be possible to exploit these
vulnerabilities on that device through the use of packets directed at
the following IP addresses:
* "all-ones" broadcast address
* subnet broadcast address
* any internal loopback addresses (commonly used in routers for
management purposes, not to be confused with the IP stack loopback
address 127.0.0.1)

Careful consideration should be given to addresses of the types
mentioned above by sites planning for packet filtering as part of
their mitigation strategy for these vulnerabilities.

Finally, sites may wish to block access to the following RPC services
related to SNMP (listed as name, program ID, alternate names)

snmp 100122 na.snmp snmp-cmc snmp-synoptics snmp-unisys
snmp-utk
snmpv2 100138 na.snmpv2 # SNM Version 2.2.2
snmpXdmid 100249

Please note that this workaround may not protect vulnerable devices
from internal attacks.

Filter SNMP traffic from non-authorized internal hosts

In many networks, only a limited number of network management systems
need to originate SNMP request messages. Therefore, it may be possible
to configure the SNMP agent systems (or the network devices in between
the management and agent systems) to disallow request messages from
non-authorized systems. This can reduce, but not wholly eliminate, the
risk from internal attacks. However, it may have detrimental effects
on network performance due to the increased load imposed by the
filtering, so careful consideration is required before implementation.
Similar caveats to the previous workaround regarding broadcast and
loopback addresses apply.

Change default community strings

Most SNMP-enabled products ship with default community strings of
"public" for read-only access and "private" for read-write access. As
with any known default access control mechanism, the CERT/CC
recommends that network administrators change these community strings
to something of their own choosing. However, even when community
strings are changed from their defaults, they will still be passed in
plaintext and are therefore subject to packet sniffing attacks. SNMPv3
offers additional capabilities to ensure authentication and privacy as
described in RFC2574.

Because many of the vulnerabilities identified in this advisory occur
before the community strings are evaluated, it is important to note
that performing this step alone is not sufficient to mitigate the
impact of these vulnerabilities. Nonetheless, it should be performed
as part of good security practice.

Segregate SNMP traffic onto a separate management network

In situations where blocking or disabling SNMP is not possible,
exposure to these vulnerabilities may be limited by restricting all
SNMP access to separate, isolated management networks that are not
publicly accessible. Although this would ideally involve physically
separate networks, that kind of separation is probably not feasible in
most environments. Mechanisms such as virtual LANs (VLANs) may be used
to help segregate traffic on the same physical network. Note that
VLANs may not strictly prevent an attacker from exploiting these
vulnerabilities, but they may make it more difficult to initiate the
attacks.

Another option is for sites to restrict SNMP traffic to separate
virtual private networks (VPNs), which employ cryptographically strong
authentication.

Note that these solutions may require extensive changes to a site's
network architecture.

Egress filtering

Egress filtering manages the flow of traffic as it leaves a network
under your administrative control. There is typically limited need for
machines providing public services to initiate outbound traffic to the
Internet. In the case of SNMP vulnerabilities, employing egress
filtering on the ports listed above at your network border can prevent
your network from being used as a source for attacks on other sites.

Disable stack execution

Disabling executable stacks (on systems where this is configurable)
can reduce the risk of "stack smashing" attacks based on these
vulnerabilities. Although this does not provide 100 percent protection
against exploitation of these vulnerabilities, it makes the likelihood
of a successful exploit much smaller. On many UNIX systems, executable
stacks can be disabled by adding the following lines to /etc/system:

set noexec_user_stack = 1 set noexec_user_stack_log = 1

Note that this may go against the SPARC and Intel ABIs and can be
bypassed as required in programs with mprotect(2). For the changes to
take effect you will then need to reboot.

Other operating systems and architectures also support the disabling
of executable stacks either through native configuration parameters or
via third-party software. Consult your vendor(s) for additional
information.

Share tools and techniques

Because dealing with these vulnerabilities to systems and networks is
so complex, the CERT/CC will provide a forum where administrators can
share ideas and techniques that can be used to develop proper
defenses. We have created an unmoderated mailing list for system and
network administrators to discuss helpful techniques and tools.

You can subscribe to the mailing list by sending an email message to
[email protected] In the body of the message, type

subscribe snmp-forum

After you receive the confirmation message, follow the instructions in
the message to complete the subscription process.

Appendix A. - Vendor Information

This appendix contains information provided by vendors for this
advisory. As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will
update this section and note the changes in our revision history. If a
particular vendor is not listed below, we have not received their
comments.

AdventNet

This is in reference to your notification regarding [VU#107186 and
VU#854306] and OUSPG#0100. AdventNet Inc. has reproduced this
behavior in their products and coded a Service Pack fix which is
currently in regression testing in AdventNet Inc.'s Q.A.
organization. The release of AdventNet Inc's. Service Pack
correcting the behavior outlined in VU#617947, and OUSPG#0100 is
scheduled to be generally available to all of AdventNet Inc.'s
customers by February 20, 2002.

Avaya

Avaya Inc. acknowledges the potential of SNMP vulnerabilities and
is
currently investigating whether these vulnerabilities impact
Avaya's products
or solutions. No further information is available at this time.

CacheFlow

The purpose of this email is to advise you that CacheFlow Inc. has
provided a software update. Please be advised that updated versions
of the software are now available for all supported CacheFlow
hardware platforms, and may be obtained by CacheFlow customers at
the following URL:

http://download.cacheflow.com/

The specific reference to the software update is contained within the
Release Notes for CacheOS Versions 3.1.22 Release ID 17146, 4.0.15
Release ID 17148, 4.1.02 Release ID 17144 and 4.0.15 Release ID 17149.

RELEASE NOTES FOR CACHEFLOW SERVER ACCELERATOR PRODUCTS:
* http://download.cacheflow.com/release/SA/4.0.15/relnotes.htm

RELEASE NOTES FOR CACHEFLOW CONTENT ACCELERATOR PRODUCTS:
* http://download.cacheflow.com/release/CA/3.1.22/relnotes.htm
* http://download.cacheflow.com/release/CA/4.0.15/relnotes.htm
* http://download.cacheflow.com/release/CA/4.1.02/relnotes.htm

* SR 1-1647517, VI 13045: This update modified a potential
vulnerability by using an SNMP test tools exploit.

3Com Corporation

A vulnerability to an SNMP packet with an invalid length community
string has been resolved in the following products. Customers
concerned about this weakness should ensure that they upgrade to
the following agent versions:
PS Hub 40
2.16 is due Feb 2002
PS Hub 50
2.16 is due Feb 2002
Dual Speed Hub
2.16 is due Jan 2002
Switch 1100/3300
2.68 is available now
Switch 4400
2.02 is available now
Switch 4900
2.04 is available now
WebCache1000/3000
2.00 is due Jan 2002

Caldera

Caldera International, Inc. has reproduced faulty behavior in
Caldera SCO OpenServer 5, Caldera UnixWare 7, and Caldera Open UNIX
8. We have coded a software fix for supported versions of Caldera
UnixWare 7 and Caldera Open UNIX 8 that will be available from
our support site at http://stage.caldera.com/support/security
immediately following the publication of this CERT announcement. A
fix for supported versions of OpenServer 5 will be available at a
later date.

Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems is addressing the vulnerabilities identified by
VU#854306 and VU#107186 across its entire product line. Cisco will
publish a security advisory with further details at
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt/.

Compaq Computer Corporation

x-ref: SSRT0779U SNMP
At the time of writing this document, COMPAQ continues to evaluate
this potential problem and when new versions of SNMP are available,
COMPAQ will implement solutions based on the new code. Compaq will
provide notice of any new patches as a result of that effort
through standard patch notification procedures and be available
from your normal Compaq Services support channel.

Computer Associates

Computer Associates has confirmed Unicenter vulnerability to the
SNMP advisory identified by CERT notification reference [VU#107186
& VU#854306] and OUSPG#0100. We have produced corrective
maintenance to address these vulnerabilities, which is in the
process of publication for all applicable releases / platforms and
will be offered through the CA Support site. Please contact our
Technical Support organization for information regarding
availability / applicability for your specific configuration(s).

COMTEK Services, Inc.

NMServer for AS/400 is not an SNMP master and is therefore not
vulnerable. However this product requires the use of the AS/400
SNMP master agent supplied by IBM. Please refer to IBM for
statements of vulnerabilities for the AS/400 SNMP master agent.

NMServer for OpenVMS has been tested and has shown to be
vulnerable. COMTEK Services is preparing a new release of this
product (version 3.5) which will contain a fix for this problem.
This new release is scheduled to be available in February 2002.
Contact COMTEK Services for further information.

NMServer for VOS has not as yet been tested; vulnerability of this
agent is unknown. Contact for further information on the testing
schedule of the VOS product.

Covalent Technologies

Covalent Technologies ERS (Enterprise Ready Server), Secure Server,
and Conductor SNMP module are not vulnerable according to testing
performed in accordance with CERT recommendations. Security
information for Covalent products can be found at www.covalent.net

Dartware, LLC

Dartware, LLC (www.dartware.com) supplies two products that use
SNMPv1 in a manager role, InterMapper and SNMP Watcher. These
products are not vulnerable to the SNMP vulnerability described in
[VU#854306 and VU#107186]. This statement applies to all present
and past versions of these two software packages.

DMH Software

DMH Software is in the process of evaluating and attempting to
reproduce this behavior.
It is unclear at this point if our snmp-agent is sensitive to the
tests described above.
If any problems will be discovered, DMH Software will code a
software fix.
The release of DMH Software OS correcting the behavior outlined in
VU#854306, VU#107186, and OUSPG#0100 will be generally available to
all of DMH Software's customers as soon as possible.

EnGarde Secure Linux

EnGarde Secure Linux did not ship any SNMP packages in version
1.0.1 of our distribution, so we are not vulnerable to either bug.

FreeBSD

FreeBSD does not include any SNMP software by default, and so is
not vulnerable. However, the FreeBSD Ports Collection contains the
UCD-SNMP / NET-SNMP package. Package versions prior to
ucd-snmp-4.2.3 are vulnerable. The upcoming FreeBSD 4.5 release
will ship the corrected version of the UCD-SNMP / NET-SNMP
package. In addition, the corrected version of the packages is
available from the FreeBSD mirrors.

FreeBSD has issued the following FreeBSD Security Advisory
regarding the UCD-SNMP / NET-SNMP package:
ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-02:09.
snmp.asc.

Hewlett-Packard Company

SUMMARY - known vulnerable:
========================================
hp procurve switch 2524
NNM (Network Node Manager)
JetDirect Firmware (Older versions only)
HP-UX Systems running snmpd or OPENVIEW
MC/ServiceGuard
EMS
Still under investigation:
SNMP/iX (MPE/iX)
========================================
_________________________________________________________
---------------------------------------------------------
hp procurve switch 2524
---------------------------------------------------------
hp procurve switch 2525 (product J4813A) is vulnerable to some
issues, patches in process. Watch for the associated HP
Security Bulletin.
---------------------------------------------------------
NNM (Network Node Manager)
---------------------------------------------------------
Some problems were found in NNM product were related to
trap handling. Patches in process. Watch for the
associated HP Security Bulletin.
---------------------------------------------------------
JetDirect Firmware (Older versions only)
---------------------------------------------------------
ONLY some older versions of JetDirect Firmware are
vulnerable to some of the issues. The older firmware
can be upgraded in most cases, see list below.
JetDirect Firmware Version State
========================== =====
X.08.32 and higher NOT Vulnerable
X.21.00 and higher NOT Vulnerable
JetDirect Product Numbers that can be freely
upgraded to X.08.32 or X.21.00 or higher firmware.
EIO (Peripherals Laserjet 4000, 5000, 8000, etc...)
J3110A 10T
J3111A 10T/10B2/LocalTalk
J3112A Token Ring (discontinued)
J3113A 10/100 (discontinued)
J4169A 10/100
J4167A Token Ring
MIO (Peripherals LaserJet 4, 4si, 5si, etc...)
J2550A/B 10T (discontinued)
J2552A/B 10T/10Base2/LocalTalk (discontinued)
J2555A/B Token Ring (discontinued)
J4100A 10/100
J4105A Token Ring
J4106A 10T
External Print Servers
J2591A EX+ (discontinued)
J2593A EX+3 10T/10B2 (discontinued)
J2594A EX+3 Token Ring (discontinued)
J3263A 300X 10/100
J3264A 500X Token Ring
J3265A 500X 10/100
----------------------------------------------------------
HP-UX Systems running snmpd or OPENVIEW
----------------------------------------------------------
The following patches are available now:
PHSS_26137 s700_800 10.20 OV EMANATE14.2 Agent Consolidated Patch
PHSS_26138 s700_800 11.X OV EMANATE14.2 Agent Consolidated Patch
PSOV_03087 EMANATE Release 14.2 Solaris 2.X Agent Consolidated
Patch
All three patches are available from:
http://support.openview.hp.com/cpe/patches/
In addition PHSS_26137 and PHSS_26138 will soon be available from:
http://itrc.hp.com
================================================================
NOTE: The patches are labeled OV(Open View). However, the patches
are also applicable to systems that are not running Open View.
=================================================================
Any HP-UX 10.X or 11.X system running snmpd or snmpdm is
vulnerable.
To determine if your HP-UX system has snmpd or snmpdm installed:
swlist -l file | grep snmpd
If a patch is not available for your platform or you cannot install
an available patch, snmpd and snmpdm can be disabled by removing
their
entries from /etc/services and removing the execute permissions
from
/usr/sbin/snmpd and /usr/sbin/snmpdm.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Investigation completed, systems vulnerable.
----------------------------------------------------------------
MC/ServiceGuard
Event Monitoring System (EMS)
----------------------------------------------------------------
Still under investigation:
----------------------------------------------------------------
SNMP/iX (MPE/iX)

Hirschmann Electronics GmbH & Co. KG

Hirschmann Electronics GmbH & Co. KG supplies a broad range of
networking products, some of which are affected by the SNMP
vulnerabilities identified by CERT Coordination Center. The manner
in which they are affected and the actions required to avoid being
impacted by exploitation of these vulnerabilities, vary from
product to product. Hirschmann customers may contact our Competence
Center (phone +49-7127-14-1538, email:
[email protected]) for additional information,
especially regarding availability of latest firmware releases
addressing the SNMP vulnerabilities.

IBM Corporation

Based upon the results of running the test suites we have
determined that our version of SNMP shipped with AIX is NOT
vulnerable.

Innerdive Solutions, LLC

Innerdive Solutions, LLC has two SNMP based products:
1. The "SNMP MIB Scout"
(http://www.innerdive.com/products/mibscout/)
2. The "Router IP Console" (http://www.innerdive.com/products/ric/)
The "SNMP MIB Scout" is not vulnerable to either bug.
The "Router IP Console" releases prior to 3.3.0.407 are vulnerable.
The release of "Router IP Console" correcting the behavior outlined
in OUSPG#0100 is 3.3.0.407 and is already available on our site.
Also, we will notify all our customers about this new release no
later than March 5, 2002.

Juniper Networks

This is in reference to your notification regarding CAN-2002-0012
and CAN-2002-0013. Juniper Networks has reproduced this behavior
and coded a software fix. The fix will be included in all releases
of JUNOS Internet software built after January 5, 2002. Customers
with current support contracts can download new software with the
fix from Juniper's web site at www.juniper.net.
Note: The behavior described in CAN-2002-0012 and CAN-2002-0013 can
only be reproduced in JUNOS Internet software if certain tracing
options are enabled. These options are generally not enabled in
production routers.

Lantronix, Inc.

Lantronix is committed to resolving security issues with our
products. The SNMP security bug you reported has been fixed in LRS
firmware version B1.3/611(020123).

Lotus Development Corporation

Lotus Software evaluated the Lotus Domino Server for
vulnerabilities using the test suite materials provided by OUSPG.
This problem does not affect default installations of the Domino
Server. However, SNMP agents can be installed from the CD to
provide SNMP services for the Domino Server (these are located in
the /apps/sysmgmt/agents directory). The optional platform
specific master and encapsulator agents included with the Lotus
Domino SNMP Agents for HP-UX and Solaris have been found to be
vulnerable. For those platforms, customers should upgrade to
version R5.0.1 a of the Lotus Domino SNMP Agents, available for
download from the Lotus Knowledge Base on the IBM Support Web Site
(http://www.ibm.com/software/lotus/support/). Please refer to
Document #191059, "Lotus Domino SNMP Agents R5.0.1a", also in the
Lotus Knowledge Base, for more details.

LOGEC Systems Inc

The products from LOGEC Systems are exposed to SNMP only via HP
OpenView. We do not have an implementation of SNMP ourselves. As
such, there is nothing in our products that would be an issue with
this alert.

Lucent

Lucent is aware of reports that there is a vulnerability in certain
implementations of the SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
code that is used in data switches and other hardware throughout
the telecom industry.
As soon as we were notified by CERT, we began assessing our product
portfolio and notifying customers with products that might be
affected.
Our 5ESS switch and most of our optical portfolio were not
affected. Our core and edge ATM switches and most of our edge
access products are affected, but we have developed, tested, and
deployed fixes for many of those products to our customers. Fixes
for the rest of the affected product portfolio will be available
shortly.
We consider the security and reliability of our customers' networks
to be one of our critical measures of success. We take every
reasonable measure to ensure their satisfaction.
In addition, we are working with customers on ways to further
enhance the security they have in place today.

Marconi

Marconi supplies a broad range of telecommunications and related
products, some of which are affected by the SNMP vulnerabilities
identified here. The manner in which they are affected and the
actions required (if any) to avoid being impacted by exploitation
of these vulnerabilities, vary from product to product. Those
Marconi customers with support entitlement may contact the
appropriate Technical Assistance Center (TAC) for additional
information. Those not under support entitlement may contact their
sales representative.

Microsoft Corporation

The Microsoft Security Reponse [sic] Center has investigated this
issue, and provides the following information.

Summary:
All Microsoft implementations of SNMP v1 are affected by the
vulnerability. The SNMP v1 service is not installed or running by
default on any version of Windows. A patch is underway to eliminate
the vulnerability. In the meantime, we recommend that affected
customers disable the SNMP v1 service.

Details:
An SNMP v1 service ships on the CDs for Windows 95, 98, and 98SE.
It is not installed or running by default on any of these
platforms. An SNMP v1 is NOT provided for Windows ME. However, it
is possible that Windows 98 machines which had the service
installed and were upgraded would still have the service. Since
SNMP is not supported for WinME, customers in this situation are
urged to remove the SNMP service.
An SNMP v1 service is available on Windows NT 4.0 (including
Terminal Server Edition) and Windows 2000 but is not installed or
running by default on any of these platforms.Windows XP does not
ship with an SNMP v1 service.

Remediation:
A patch is underway for the affected platforms, and will be
released shortly. In the meantime, Microsoft recommends that
customers who have the SNMP v1 service running disable it to
protect their systems. Following are instruction for doing this:

Windows 95, 98 and 98SE:
1. In Control Panel, double-click Network.
2. On the Configuration tab, select Microsoft SNMP Agent from the
list of installed components.
3. Click Remove

Check the following keys and confirm that snmp.exe is not listed.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRunSer
vices
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun

For Windows XP:
1. Right-click on My Computer and select Manage
2. Click on Services and Applications, then on Services
3. Location SNMP on the list of services, then select it and click
Stop.
4. Select Startup, and click Disabled.
5. Click OK to close the dialoge [sic], then close the Computer
Management window.

For Windows NT 4.0 (including Terminal Server Edition):
1. Select Start, then Settings.
2. Select Control Panel, then click on the Services Icon
3. Locate SNMP on the list of services, then select it and click
Stop.
4. Select Startup, and click Disabled.
5. Click OK to close the dialoge [sic], then close Control Panel

Windows 2000:
1. Right-click on My Computer and select Manage
2. Click on Services and Applications, then on Services
3. Location SNMP on the list of services, then select it and click
Stop.
4. Select Startup, and click Disabled.
5. Click OK to close the dialoge [sic], then close the Computer
Management window.

Multinet

MultiNet and TCPware customers should contact Process Software to
check for the availability of patches for this issue. A couple of
minor problems were found and fixed, but there is no security risk
related to the SNMP code included with either product.

Netaphor

NETAPHOR SOFTWARE INC. is the creator of Cyberons for Java -- SNMP
Manager Toolkit and Cyberons for Java -- NMS Application Toolkit,
two Java based products that may be affected by the SNMP
vulnerabilities identified here. The manner in which they are
affected and the actions required (if any) to avoid being impacted
by exploitation of these vulnerabilities, may be obtained by
contacting Netaphor via email at [email protected] Customers with
annual support may contact [email protected] directly. Those not
under support entitlement may contact Netaphor sales:
[email protected] or (949) 470 7955 in USA.

NetBSD

NetBSD does not ship with any SNMP tools in our 'base' releases. We
do provide optional packages which provide various support for
SNMP. These packages are not installed by default, nor are they
currently provided as an install option by the operating system
installation tools. A system administrator/end-user has to manually
install this with our package management tools. These SNMP packages
include:
+ netsaint-plugin-snmp-1.2.8.4 (SNMP monitoring plug-in for
netsaint)
+ p5-Net-SNMP-3.60 (perl5 module for SNMP queries)
+ p5-SNMP-3.1.0 (Perl5 module for interfacing to the UCD SNMP
library
+ p5-SNMP_Session-0.83 (perl5 module providing rudimentary
access to remote SNMP agents)
+ ucd-snmp-4.2.1 (Extensible SNMP implementation) (conflicts
with ucd-snmp-4.1.2)
+ ucd-snmp-4.1.2 (Extensible SNMP implementation) (conflicts
with ucd-snmp-4.2.1)

We do provide a software monitoring mechanism called
'audit-packages', which allows us to highlight if a package with a
range of versions has a potential vulnerability, and recommends
that the end-user upgrade the packages in question.

Netscape Communications Corporation

Netscape continues to be committed to maintaining a high level of
quality in our software and service offerings. Part of this
commitment includes prompt response to security issues discovered
by organizations such as the CERT Coordination Center.
According to a recent CERT/CC advisory, The Oulu University Secure
Programming Group (OUSPG) has reported numerous vulnerabilities in
multiple vendor SNMPv1 implementations. These vulnerabilities may
allow unauthorized privileged access, denial of service attacks, or
unstable behavior.
We have carefully examined the reported findings, performing the
tests suggested by the OUSPG to determine whether Netscape server
products were subject to these vulnerabilities. It was determined
that several products fell into this category. As a result, we have
created fixes which will resolve the issues, and these fixes will
appear in future releases of our product line. To Netscape's
knowledge, there are no known instances of these vulnerabilities
being exploited and no customers have been affected to date.
When such security warnings are issued, Netscape has committed to -
and will continue to commit to - resolving these issues in a prompt
and timely fashion, ensuring that our customers receive products of
the highest quality and security.

NET-SNMP

All ucd-snmp version prior to 4.2.2 are susceptible to this
vulnerability and users of versions prior to version 4.2.2 are
encouraged to upgrade their software as soon as possible
(http://www.net-snmp.org/download/). Version 4.2.2 and higher are
not susceptible.

Network Associates

PGP is not affected, impacted, or otherwise related to this VU#.

Network Computing Technologies

Network Computing Technologies has reviewed the information
regarding SNMP vulnerabilities and is currently investigating the
impact to our products.

Nokia

This vulnerability is known to affect IPSO versions 3.1.3, 3.3,
3.3.1, 3.4, and 3.4.1. Patches are currently available for
versions 3.3, 3.3.1, 3.4 and 3.4.1 for download from the Nokia
website. In addition, version 3.4.2 shipped with the patch
incorporated, and the necessary fix will be included in all future
releases of IPSO.
We recommend customers install the patch immediately or follow the
recommended precautions below to avoid any potential exploit.
If you are not using SNMP services, including Traps, simply disable
the SNMP daemon to completely eliminate the potential
vulnerability.
If you are using only SNMP Traps and running Check Point
FireWall-1, create a firewall policy to disallow incoming SNMP
messages on all appropriate interfaces. Traps will continue to work
normally.

Nortel Networks

The CERT Coordination Center has issued a broad based alert to the
technology industry, including Nortel Networks, regarding potential
security vulnerabilities identified in the Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP), a common networking standard. The
company is working with CERT and other network equipment
manufacturers, the U.S. Government, service providers, and software
suppliers to assess and address this issue.

Novell

Novell ships SNMP.NLM and SNMPLOG.NLM with NetWare 4.x, NetWare 5.x
and 6.0 systems. The SNMP and SNMPLOG vulnerabilities detected on
NetWare are fixed and will be available through NetWare 6 Support
Pack 1 & NetWare 5.1 Support Pack 4. Support packs are available at
http://support.novell.com/tools/csp/

OpenBSD

OpenBSD does not ship SNMP code.

Qualcomm

WorldMail does not support SNMP by default, so customers who run
unmodified installations are not vulnerable.

Redback Networks, Inc.

Redback Networks, Inc. has identified that the vulnerability in
question affects certain versions of AOS software on the SMS 500,
SMS 1800, and SMS 10000 platforms, and is taking the appropriate
steps necessary to correct the issue.

Red Hat

RedHat has released a security advisiory [sic] at
http://www.redhat.com/support/errata/RHSA-2001-163.html
with updated versions of the ucd-snmp package for all supported
releases and architectures. For more information or to download the
update please visit this page.

SGI

SGI acknowledges the SNMP vulnerabilities reported by CERT and is
currently investigating. No further information is available at
this time.
For the protection of all our customers, SGI does not disclose,
discuss or confirm vulnerabilities until a full investigation has
occurred and any necessary patch(es) or release streams are
available for all vulnerable and supported IRIX operating systems.
Until SGI has more definitive information to provide, customers are
encouraged to assume all security vulnerabilities as exploitable
and take appropriate steps according to local site security
policies and requirements. As further information becomes
available, additional advisories will be issued via the normal SGI
security information distribution methods including the wiretap
mailing list on http://www.sgi.com/support/security/.

SNMP Research International

SNMP Research has made the following vendor statement. They are
likely to revise and expand the statement as the date for the
public vulnerability announcement draws nearer.
The most recent releases (15.3.1.7 and above) of all SNMP Research
products address the vulnerabilities identified in the following
CERT vulnerability advisories:
VU#854306 (Multiple vulnerabilities in SNMPv1 request handling)
VU#107186 (Multiple vulnerabilities in SNMPv1 trap handling)
All customers who maintain a support contract have received either
this release or appropriate patch sets to their 15.3 source code
releases addressing these vulnerabilities. Users maintaining
earlier releases should update to the current release if they have
not already done so. Up-to-date information is available from
[email protected]

Stonesoft

Stonesoft's StoneGate product does not include an SNMP agent, and
is therefore not vulnerable to this. Other Stonesoft's products are
still under investigation. As further information becomes
available, additional advisories will be available at
http://www.stonesoft.com/support/techcenter/

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sun's SNMP product, Solstice Enterprise Agents (SEA), described
here:
http://www.sun.com/solstice/products/ent.agents/
is affected by VU#854306 but not VU#107186. More specifically the
main agent of SEA, snmpdx(1M), is affected on Solaris 2.6, 7, 8.
Sun is currently generating patches for this issue and will be
releasing a Sun Security Bulletin once the patches are available.
The bulletin will be available from:
http://sunsolve.sun.com/security. Sun patches are available from:
http://sunsolve.sun.com/securitypatch.

Symantec Corporation

Symantec Corporation has investigated the SNMP issues identified by
the OUSPG test suite and determined that Symantec products are not
susceptable [sic] to these issues.

TANDBERG

Tandberg have run all the testcases found the PROTOS test-suie
[sic], c06snmpv1:
1. c06-snmpv1-trap-enc-pr1.jar
2. c06-snmpv1-treq-app-pr1.jar
3. c06-snmpv1-trap-enc-pr1.jar
4. c06-snmpv1-req-app-pr1.jar
The tests were run with standard delay time between the requests
(100ms), but also with a delay of 1ms. The tests applies to all
TANDBERG products (T500, T880, T1000, T2500, T6000 and T8000). The
software tested on these products were B4.0 (our latest software)
and no problems were found when running the test suite.

Tivoli Systems

Our analysis indicates that this vulnerability does not affect the
Tivoli NetView product.

Appendix B. - References
1. http://www.ee.oulu.fi/research/ouspg/protos/
2. http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/854306
3. http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/107186
4. http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/denial_of_service.html
5. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1067.txt
6. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1089.txt
7. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1140.txt
8. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1155.txt
9. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1156.txt
10. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1215.txt
11. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1270.txt
12. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1352.txt

Appendix C. - Background Information

Background Information on the OUSPG

OUSPG is an academic research group located at Oulu University in
Finland. The purpose of this research group is to test software
for vulnerabilities.
History has shown that the techniques used by the OUSPG have
discovered a large number of previously undetected problems in the
products and protocols they have tested. In 2001, the OUSPG
produced a comprehensive test suite for evaluating implementations
of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). This test
suite was developed with the strategy of abusing the protocol in
unsupported and unexpected ways, and it was very effective in
uncovering a wide variety of vulnerabilities across several
products. This approach can reveal vulnerabilities that would not
manifest themselves under normal conditions.
After completing its work on LDAP, OUSPG moved its focus to
SNMPv1. As with LDAP, they designed a custom test suite, began
testing a selection of products, and found a number of
vulnerabilities. Because OUSPG's work on LDAP was similar in
procedure to its current work on SNMP, you may wish to review the
LDAP Test Suite and CERT Advisory CA-2001-18, which outlined
results of application of the test suite.
In order to test the security of protocols like SNMPv1, the PROTOS
project presents a server with a wide variety of sample packets
containing unexpected values or illegally formatted data. As a
member of the PROTOS project consortium, the OUSPG used the PROTOS
c06-snmpv1 test suite to study several implementations of the
SNMPv1 protocol. Results of the test suites run against SNMP
indicate that there are many different vulnerabilities on many
different implementations of SNMP.

Background Information on the Simple Network Management Protocol

The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is the most popular
protocol in use to manage networked devices. SNMP was designed in
the late 80's to facilitate the exchange of management information
between networked devices, operating at the application layer of
the ISO/OSI model. The SNMP protocol enables network and system
administrators to remotely monitor and configure devices on the
network (devices such as switches and routers). Software and
firmware products designed for networks often make use of the SNMP
protocol. SNMP runs on a multitude of devices and operating
systems, including, but not limited to,
+ Core Network Devices (Routers, Switches, Hubs, Bridges, and
Wireless Network Access Points)
+ Operating Systems
+ Consumer Broadband Network Devices (Cable Modems and DSL
Modems)
+ Consumer Electronic Devices (Cameras and Image Scanners)
+ Networked Office Equipment (Printers, Copiers, and FAX
Machines)
+ Network and Systems Management/Diagnostic Frameworks (Network
Sniffers and Network Analyzers)
+ Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS)
+ Networked Medical Equipment (Imaging Units and Oscilloscopes)
+ Manufacturing and Processing Equipment
The SNMP protocol is formally defined in RFC1157. Quoting from
that RFC:

Implicit in the SNMP architectural model is a collection
of network management stations and network elements.
Network management stations execute management
applications which monitor and control network elements.
Network elements are devices such as hosts, gateways,
terminal servers, and the like, which have management
agents responsible for performing the network management
functions requested by the network management stations.
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is used to
communicate management information between the network
management stations and the agents in the network
elements.

Additionally, SNMP is discussed in a number of other RFC
documents:
+ RFC 3000 Internet Official Protocol Standards
+ RFC 1212 Concise MIB Definitions
+ RFC 1213 Management Information Base for Network Management
of TCP/IP-based Internets: MIB-II
+ RFC 1215 A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the
SNMP
+ RFC 1270 SNMP Communications Services
+ RFC 2570 Introduction to Version 3 of the Internet-standard
Network Management Framework
+ RFC 2571 An Architecture for Describing SNMP Management
Frameworks
+ RFC 2572 Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
+ RFC 2573 SNMP Applications
+ RFC 2574 User-based Security Model (USM) for version 3 of the
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)
+ RFC 2575 View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
+ RFC 2576 Coexistence between Version 1, Version 2, and
Version 3 of the Internet-standard Network Management
Framework
_____________________________________________________________

The CERT Coordination Center thanks the Oulu University Secure
Programming Group for reporting these vulnerabilities to us, for
providing detailed technical analyses, and for assisting us in
preparing this advisory. We also thank Steven M. Bellovin (AT&T
Labs -- Research), Wes Hardaker (Net-SNMP), Steve Moulton (SNMP
Research), Tom Reddington (Bell Labs), Mike Duckett (Bell South),
Rob Thomas, Blue Boar (Thievco), and the many others who
contributed to this document.
_____________________________________________________________

Feedback on this document can be directed to the authors, Ian A.
Finlay, Shawn V. Hernan, Jason A. Rafail, Chad Dougherty, Allen D.
Householder, Marty Lindner, and Art Manion.
__________________________________________________________________

This document is available from:
http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-2002-03.html
__________________________________________________________________


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